1895 - The trial of Oscar Wilde for homosexuality, then a crime, begins at the Old Bailey

1945 World War II: Battle of Bautzen last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.

1962: First US rocket lands on Moon The American Moon rocket Ranger IV lands on the far side of the Moon but fails to send back pictures due a technical fault.

1986 A nuclear reactor accident occurs at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the Soviet Union (now Ukraine), creating the world's worst nuclear disaster.

2002 - More than a million postcards are delivered to Prime Minister Tony Blair and the Prince of Wales as part of an Irish bid to have the Sellafield nuclear installation closed down. People throughout Ireland posted the cards after weeks of campaigning, backed by celebrities such as soccer international Roy Keane and pop stars Ronan Keating and Samantha Mumba